X-ray was discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen, a German scientist accidentally almost a century back. The images of X-rays at present the most crucial diagnostic instrument in the field of medicine. They are used in the detection of bone injuries like dislocations and breaks and are also used in the monitoring the recovery process of patients in case of such injuries. With the help of chest x-rays, physicians can examine your heart and lungs before confirming a diagnosis of lung cancer or collapsed lung, or pneumonia. Dentists too use them quite frequently.
Technicians of ultrasound are referred to as diagnostic medical sonographers or more popularly as sonographers. Due to the unique skills and duties of the job description of an ultrasound technician, The US Department of Labor views the job of an ultrasound technician to be apparent and totally separate to that of radiology jobs.
A mammography refers to an x-ray analysis of the breasts, which is used in the detection and diagnosis of any breast disorder. Mammography is an excellent method to detect the signs of early stage cancer even before it can be felt.
Vascular ultrasound, also referred to as Sonography, Duplex Scans or Doppler Exams involves a noninvasive procedure with sound waves of high frequency to develop images of the veins and arteries. It is used instead of the older radiology procedures which are invasive while diagnosing vascular disease. Since vascular ultrasound is a non-invasive procedure, it’s considered relatively safer and highly costeffective.
With a bone mineral density test (BMD), you can measure the thickness or density of your bones. It’s not similar to a Nuclear Medicine Test or a bone scan as thought by many.